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The Shakti Peethas (holy places of cosmic and enormous power) are places of worship of Goddess. Goddess Sati is the incarnation of Maa Parvati, the kindly goddess of harmony, marital felicity and longevity, with Durga, goddess of strength and valour, and with Mahakali, goddess of destruction of the evil.

According to Hindu Mythology and Legend, in the SatYuga, Daksha performed a yajna (Yagya) with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha was angry because his daughter Dakshayani also known as Sati had married the 'yogi' God Shiva against his wish. Daksha invited all the deities to the yagna except for Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She had expressed her desire to attend to Shiva who had tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually allowed her to go escorted by his followers.

But Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father's insults toward her husband, so Dakshayani (the other name of Sati meaning the daughter of Daksha) invoked her yogic powers and immolated herself.

Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva destroyed Daksha's sacrifice, cut off Daksha's head, and later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life due to prayers of all demi gods and Brahmaji. Still immersed in grief, he picked up the remains of Sati's body, and danced the dance of destruction through the Universe. The other gods intervened to stop this dance, and the Vishnu 's weapon, or Sudarshana Chakra, cut through the corpse of Sati. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.

At all Shakti Peethas, the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva).

"Sati" refers to the Goddess worshipped at each location, all being manifestations of Dakshayani, Parvati or Durga);

"Bhairava" refers to the corresponding consort, each a manifestation of Shiva;

"Body Part or Ornament" refers to the body part or piece of jewellery that fell to earth, at the location on which the respective temple is built.

List of 52 Shakti Peeth of Goddess Durga

Sr. N.

Place

Body Part or Ornament

Shakti

Bhairav

1

KanchiPuram, Kamatchi temple,Kamakoti Peetam mentioned in Lalita Sahasram,Trishati,Astothram etc.

Ottiyana (Ornament covering stomach)

Kamakshi

Kala Bhairav

2

Sri Lanka, in Nainativu, Jaffna

Hand

Indrakshi / Nagapooshani

Rakshaseshwar / Naayanar

3

Naina, a little distance from Sukkur Station from Karachi, Pakistan

Eyes

Mahishmardini

Krodhish

4

Sugandha, situated in Shikarpur, Gournadi, about 20 km from Barisal town, Bangladesh, on the banks of Sonda river.

Nose

Sunanda

Trayambak

5

Amarnath in Kashmir, India from Srinagar through Pahalgam 94 km by Bus, Chandanwari 16 km by walk

Throat

Mahamaya

Trisandhyeshwar

6

Jwalamukhi, Kangra, Deviís tongue fell here and the idols are Devi as Ambika (Mother) and Shiva as Unmatta (Furious). This is located near Pathankot, H.P., Jwalamukhi Road.

Tongue

Siddhida (Ambika)

Unmatta Bhairav

7

Ambaji , at Anart, Gujarat, India

Heart

Ambaji

8

Nepal, near Pashupatinath Temple at Gujyeshwari Temple

Both Knees

Mahashira

Kapali

9

Manas, under Tibet at the feet of Mount Kailash in Lake Mansarovar, a piece of Stone

Right Hand

Dakshayani

Amar

10

Biraja in Utkal present Orissa, India

Navel

Girija/Viraja/Biraja

Jagannath

11

Gandaki from Pokhara, Nepal about 125 km on the banks of Gandaki river where Muktinath temple is situated

Temple

Gandaki Chandi

Chakrapani

12

Bahula, on the banks of Ajay river, at Ketugram 8 km from Katwa, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

Left Arm

Goddess Bahula

Bhiruk

13

Ujaani, 16 km from Guskara Station under Burdwan district of West Bengal, India

Right Wrist

Mangal Chandika

Kapilambar

14

Udaipur, Tripura, at the top of the hills known as Tripura Sundari temple near Radhakishorepur village, a little distance away from Udaipur town of Tripura, India

Right Leg

Tripura Sundari

Tripuresh

15

On the Chandranath hill near Sitakunda station of Chittagong District, Bangladesh. The famous Chandranath Temple on the top of the hill is the Bhairav temple of this Shakti Peetha, not the Shakti Peeth itself.

Right Arm

Bhawani

Chandrashekhar

16

Trisrota, at Salbari village under Boda division of Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal, India

Left Leg

Bhraamari

Ambar

17

Kamgiri, Kamakhya, at the Neelachal hills near Guwahati, capital of Assam, India

Genital Organ

Kamakhya

Umanand

18

yogaadya at Khirgram under Burdwan district, West Bengal, India

Great Toe (Right)

Jugaadya

Ksheer Khandak

19

Kalipeeth, (Kalighat, Kolkata), India

Right Toes

Kalika

Nakuleesh

20

Prayag near Sangam at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Finger (Hand)

Lalita

Bhava

21

Jayanti at Kalajore Baurbhag village of Falzur Pargana under Jayantia Thana of Sylhet district, Bangladesh. This Shakti Peetha is locally known as Falizur Kalibari.

Left Thigh

Jayanti

Kramadishwar

22

Kireet at Kireetkona village, 3 km from Lalbag Court Road station under district Murshidabad, West Bengal, India

Crown

Vimla

Sanwart

23

Varanasi at Manikarnika Ghat on banks of Ganga at Kashi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Earring

Vishalakshi & Manikarni

Kalbhairav

24

Kanyashram, Kanyakumari the Bhadrakali temple within the precincts of Kumari temple, Tamil Nadu, India (also thought to be situated in Chittagong, Bangladesh)

Back

Sarvani

Nimish

25

Present day Kurukshetra town or Thanesar ancient Sthaneshwar, at Haryana, India

Ankle Bone

Savitri

Sthanu

26

Manibandh, at Gayatri hills near Pushkar 11 km towards north-west from Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.

Two Bracelets

Gayatri

Sarvanand

27

Shri Shail, at Jainpur village, near Gotatikar, towards north-east 3 km from Sylhet town, Bangladesh

Neck

Mahalaxmi

Sambaranand

28

Kankalitala, on the banks of Kopai river 10 km towards north-east from Bolpur station of district Birbhum, Devi locally known as KankaleshwariWest Bengal, India

Bone

Devgarbha

Ruru

29

Kalmadhav on the banks of Shon river in a cave over hills near to Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India

Buttock (Left)

Kali

Asitang

30

Shondesh, at the source point of Narmada river in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India

Buttock (Right)

Narmada

Bhadrasen

31

Ramgiri, at Chitrakuta on the Jhansi Manikpur Railway line in Uttar Pradesh, India

Right Breast

Shivani

Chanda

32

Vrindavan, near new bus stand on Bhuteshwar road within Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India

Ringlets of Hair

Uma

Bhutesh

33

Shuchi, in a Shiva temple at Shuchitirtham 11 km on Kanyakumari Trivandrum road, Tamil Nadu, India

Teeth (Upper Jaw)

Narayani

Sanhar

34

Panchsagar place not known (thought to be near Haridwar)

Teeth (Lower Jaw)

Varahi

Maharudra

35

Karatoyatat, at Bhabanipur village 28 km distance from interior Sherpur. Alight at Bogra station under district Bogra, Bangladesh

Left Anklet (Ornament)

Arpana

Vaman

36

Shri Parvat, near Ladak, Kashmir, India. Another belief: at Srisailam in Shriparvat hills under Karnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Right Anklet (Ornament)

Shrisundari

Sundaranand

37

Vibhash, at Tamluk under district Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Left Ankle

Kapalini (Bhimarupa)

Sarvanand

38

Prabhas, 4 km distance from Veraval station near Somnath temple in Junagadh district of Gujarat, India

Stomach

Chandrabhaga

Vakratund

39

Bhairavparvat, at Bhairav hills on the banks of Shipra river a little distance from Ujjaini town, Madhya Pradesh, India

Upper Lips

Avanti

Lambkarna

40

Jansthan, at Godavari river valley near Nasik, Maharasthra, India

Chin (Two Parts)

Bhramari

Vikritaksh

41

Sarvashail or Godavaritir, at Kotilingeswar temple on the banks of Godavari river near Rajamundry, Andhra Pradesh, India

Cheeks

Rakini or Vishweshwari

Vatsnabh or Dandpani

42

Birat, near Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India

Left Feet Fingers

Ambika

Amriteshwar

43

Ratnavali, on the banks of Ratnakar river at Khanakul-Krishnanagar, district Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Right Shoulder

Kumari

Shiva

44

Mithila, near Janakpur Railway station on the boarder of India-Nepal

Left Shoulder

Uma

Mahodar

45

Nalhati,known as "Nalateshwari Temple" near Nalhati station of Birbhum district by rickshaw, West Bengal, India

Tubular Bones of the Feet

Kalika Devi

Yogesh

46

Karnat place not known

Both Ears

Jayadurga

Abhiru

47

Bakreshwar, on the banks of Paaphara river, 24 km distance from Siuri Town, district Birbhum,7km from Dubrajpur Rly. Station West Bengal, India

Portion between the eyebrows

Mahishmardini

Vakranath

48

Jessoreswari, situated at Ishwaripur, Shyamnagar, district Satkhira, Bangladesh. The temple complex was built by Raja Pratapaditya, whose capital was Ishwaripur.

Palms of Hands & Feet

Jashoreshwari

Chanda

49

Attahas village of Dakshindihi in the district of Bardhaman, near the Katwa Rail Station, in West Bengal, India

Lips

Phullara

Vishvesh

50

Sainthia, locally Known as "Nandikeshwari" temple. Earlier Nandipur/Now in Sainthia Town. only 1.5 km from Railway Station under a banyan tree within a boundary wall, Birbhum district, West Bengal, India

Necklace

Nandini

Nandikeshwar

51

Hingula (Hinglaj) Deviís mind or brain fell here and the idols are Devi as Kotari (Durga) and Shiva as Bhimlochan (Terrible eyed or the third eye). The location is towards 125 km from Karachi, Pakistan.

Bramharandhra (Part of the head)

Kottari

Bhimlochan

52

Danteshwari ( Kuldevi Of Baster State ), Dantewada Baster 80 km's from Jagdalpur Chhattisgarh

Daant (Teeth)

Danteshwari

Kapalbhairv

4 Adi Shakti Peeth

Sr. No.

Place

Body Part or Ornament

Shakti

1

In Puri,Orissa(inside Jagannath Temple complex)

Pada

Bimala

2

Near Berhampur-Orissa

Sthana khanda

Tara Tarini

3

Guwahati-Assam

Yoni khanda

Kamakshya

4

Kolkata- West Bengal

Mukha khanda

Dakshina Kalika

Maha Shakti Peeth

The modern cities or towns that correspond to these 64 locations can be a matter of dispute, but there are a few that are totally unambiguous, these are mentioned in the Ashta Dasa Shakthi Peetha Stotram by Adi Shankara This list contains such locations which are often referred to as Maha Shakthi Peeths.

Sr. No.

Place

Part of the body fallen

Name of Shakti

1

Trincomalee (Sri Lanka)

Groin

Shankari devi

2

Kanchi (Tamil Nadu)

Back part

Kamakshi Devi

3

Praddyumnam (Gujarat)

Stomach part

Sri Srunkhala devi

4

Mysore (Karnataka)

Hair

Chamundeshwari devi

5

Alampur (Andhra Pradesh)

Upper teeth

Jogulamba devi

6

Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh)

Neck part

Bhramaramba devi

7

Kolhapur (Maharastra)

Eyes

Mahalakshmi devi

8

Nanded (Maharastra)

Right hand

Eka Veerika devi

9

Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)

Upper lip

Mahakali devi

10

Pithapuram (Andhra Pradesh)

Left hand

Puruhutika devi

11

Jajpur (Orissa)

Navel

Biraja devi

12

Draksharamam (Andhra Pradesh)

Left cheek

Manikyamba devi

13

Guwahati (Assam)

Vulva

Kamarupa devi

14

Prayaga (Uttar Pradesh)

Fingers

Madhaveswari devi

15

Jwala (Himachal Pradesh)

Head part

Vaishnavi devi

16

Gaya (Bihar)

Breast part

Sarvamangala devi

17

Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)

Wrist

Vishalakshi devi

18

Dantewada (Chattisgarh)

Tooth

Danteswari devi

19

Kashmir

Right hand

Saraswathi devi

 

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